BORDERS, DETENTION, AND DEPORTATION
Border controls, the checking of passports and visas, and border surveillance are measures put into place to prevent unauthorized entries including presumably irregular migrants and false asylum claimants. This can amplify to detention and deportation of individuals and their family members when governments classify individuals as “unwanted” or “illegal”. Main points of criticism concern excessive use of force along borders and during detention and deportation. Frequently, families are separated and serious human rights abuses occur, at times leading to severe injuries and casualties. New forms of excluding and expelling migrants have emerged, including ‘better stay at home’ and ‘assisted voluntary return’ programs. These tend to camouflage hard, purely security-oriented and exclusionary ‘anti-migration’ interests with quasi-humanitarian ideals. New actors have become involved in border, detention and deportation practices, ranging from NGOs and humanitarian charities to intergovernmental and global security organizations.