DEVELOPMENT, HEALTH, AND HUMANITARIAN AID
Development, health and humanitarian aid are closely connected with attempts of the international community to regulate, ‘manage’ and respond to migration and refugee movements. New forms have emerged to think and speak about development acknowledging the contributions diasporas and migrant entrepreneurs are able to make to the development of their new countries of residence. Development policies however have also become merged with attempts to restrict and prevent migration, turning development assistance into a form of more or less official ‘anti-migration’ policy. In a similar way, humanitarian assistance and the provision of health care have become linked to new forms of managing global flows of migration and refugees. The effective and immediate provision of humanitarian aid and health care in refugee situations forms part of protection ‘in the region’, and inevitably also factors into strategies of certain states to keep refugee situations regionally contained. The legitimacy, authority, and effectiveness of development work, provision of health care and humanitarian aid continue to receive criticisms of neo-colonialism, perpetuating underdevelopment or false, quasi-humanitarianism.