GLOBAL CULTURE, TRANSNATIONALISM AND DIASPORA
Human migration and mobility are bringing people worldwide together and contributing to the creation of a genuine ‘global village’. Complex, interrelated patterns of colonialism, development, immigration and technological change have shaped many political, social and cultural aspects of the world. Countries worldwide are affected by migration and mobility: almost all of them are hosting migrant populations; meanwhile they send new migrants abroad, consequently forming their own diaspora communities. In this way, migration and mobility are actively challenging longstanding constructs of national identity, culture and statehood. This gives rise to new fears, including xenophobic backlashes against migrants and diaspora communities. Fears and actions need to be confronted by better educating the public about migration and mobility, promoting global exchange and learning, and developing better mechanisms to protect migrants and refugees. These means will aid in avoiding further global divides by finding adequate answers to better acknowledge today’s realities of a globalized, transnational world and society.